If you’re living with diabetes, you may be at greater risk for pneumococcal pneumonia compared to other healthy individuals.1

Understand your risk

Diabetes, caused by hyperglycemia, may weaken the immune system and make it harder for your body to defend against serious infections such as pneumococcal pneumonia.2,3

Compared to healthy individuals in the same age range, people living with diabetes are at higher risk for pneumococcal pneumonia.1 If you're living with more than one condition, your risk may be even higher.1

Estimated risk of infection†1

Estimated risk of infection†1

Estimated risk of infection†1

Protect yourself

Compared to healthy individuals in the same age range

Take the risk assessment

Answer a few questions to assess your risk for pneumococcal pneumonia and discuss them with your doctor.

What is your age?

Even if you are healthy, older age can be a risk factor for pneumococcal pneumonia.3,4

18 years and under
19–34 years
35–49 years
50–64 years
65 years and older

Next: Your health conditions

Do you have any chronic health conditions?

Certain conditions may put you at higher risk for pneumococcal pneumonia, even if they’re under control.1,4-6 Select all that apply.

Chronic lung disease (eg, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
Chronic heart disease
Chronic renal failure
Cancers (eg, hematological cancers, pancreatic cancer, and lung cancer)
Non-functioning spleen (asplenia)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
I do not have any of these conditions

Are you taking any medicines that suppress your immune system? This includes some medicines that treat psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, or ulcerative colitis, among others.7

Yes I’m taking medicines that suppress my immune system
No Not taking any medicines that suppress my immune system

Back Next: Check your risk assessment results

Your risk assessment results for pneumococcal pneumonia

Talk to your doctor about protecting against pneumococcal pneumonia.

View or print your risk assessment results (PDF)

Talk to your doctor


  1. American Lung Association. Get the facts about pneumococcal pneumonia. Available at: www.lung.org/lung-health-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/pneumonia/pneumococcal. Accessed Jul 2023.
  2. Berbudi A, et al. Curr Diabetes Rev 2020;16:442-449.
  3. National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. What is pneumococcal disease? Available at: www.nfid.org/infectious-disease/pneumococcal/. Accessed Jul 2023.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pneumococcal disease: Risk factors & how it spreads. Available at: www.cdc.gov/pneumococcal/about/risk-transmission.html. Accessed Jul 2023.
  5. Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care. List. Risk conditions for pneumococcal disease. Available at: immunisationhandbook.health.gov.au/resources/tables/list-risk-conditions-for-pneumococcal-disease. Accessed Jul 2023.
  6. Shea KM et al. Open Forum Infect Dis 2014;1:ofu024.
  7. American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology. Immunosuppressive medication for the treatment of autoimmune disease. Available at: www.aaaai.org/conditions-treatments/related-conditions/immunosuppressive. Accessed Jul 2023.